Causes of Fluid Retention in Legs and Feet - 5 Medical Reasons

Published: 05th November 2009
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Edema in feet and legs is an unusual accumulation of fluid in the lower extremities. This condition is a common problem. However, in order to find the most appropriate and effective treatment for it, you must first determine the causes of fluid retention in legs.

There are a lot of factors that may cause excess fluid in legs. Here are 5 medical causes of fluid retention in legs and feet:

Cancer of the urinary bladder

Cancer of the urinary bladder is a type of malignant growth of the urinary bladder that is caused by exposure to chemical substances, tobacco smoking, infections and small pelvis irradiation. Some possible symptoms of the disease include blood in the urine (this may be invisible to the naked eye), pain when discharging urine and frequent urination. Patients at more advance stages may suffer swelling in the lower legs, pain in pelvis and around groin.

Chronic liver disease

Chronic liver disease is a disease process of the liver that involves a cumulative destruction and regeneration of the liver parenchyma leading to fibrosis and cirrhosis. As the process continued, the liver will fail to function as normal as it should. Among many possible complications of chronic liver disease are portal hypertension, ascites, edema in feet and legs.

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Deep vein thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot in the deep veins of the legs or pelvic area. Patients of deep vein thrombosis may experience warm skin, pain, redness of the leg, dilation of the superficial veins and fluid retention in legs.


Emphysema is an intense respiratory disease characterized by an abnormal, permanent injury of the lungs due to the toxic air we breathe. The main risk factor of emphysema is smoking. Symptoms of emphysema include shortness of breath, loss of appetite, tiredness, skipped breaths, insomnia and chronic fatigue. Patients in more advanced stages may experience symptom of excess water in legs and lung.

Heart disease

Heart disease is the term for any disease that affects the normal functions of the heart i.e. coronary heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cardiovascular disease, valvular heart disease, etc. The sufferers often feel very tired or weak since the heart can not supply sufficient amount of blood to the body. Retaining fluid legs and feet is also a common symptom of heart disease.

These are just several causes of fluid retention in legs. There are a lot of other abnormalities that may cause excess fluid in legs. Whatever you conclude do not let the abnormalities to prolong. Discuss it with your doctor. Continuous edema in feet and legs can be a sign of serious ailment and may cause further damage down the road which is the last thing you want.

Visit ankle and feet swelling and support stockings for varicose veins for more information about water retention.

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